States and Territories are responsible for determining water trading rules in their jurisdiction. Please refer to the relevant State or Territory agency for the latest water management and trading rules information. This page provides a general outline of the legislation, regulations and water resource plans and links to the sites where water trading rules can be found for each jurisdiction. It also provides links to the irrigation infrastructure operator rules and policies.
Generally the State/Territory legislation establishes the legal framework for the following functions:
- water management planning, including the creation of water resource plans
- water management implementation
- joint private works, including irrigation corporations, private irrigation districts, private drainage boards and private water trusts
- public works, including flood mitigation works, irrigation works
- public utilities and water supply authorities
Many State/Territory rules and regulations regarding management of water resources, rights and trading are covered in water resource plans.
Water resource plans generally provide the following functions for specific water resource plan areas:
- assess the water availability
- establish the consumptive and environmental pool of water
- establish rules for granting water rights, allocations and trades
- determine water allocations
- manage water account rules, e.g. carryover
- monitor and evaluate effectiveness of water management.
States and Territories may also have State/Territory-wide regulations governing water resources, rights and trading.
The table below summarises the sources of water trading rules in each of the States and Territories. For further information click the links below or seek advice from your local water authorities.
|Jurisdiction||Legislative acts||Water resource plans||State/Territory-wide regulations|
|NSW||Water sharing plans for NSW
Note: See the section entitled 'Access Licence Dealing Rules' in your local water sharing plan.
|Access Licence Dealing Principles Order 2004
Note: This piece of legislation specifies the Statewide water trading rules in place in NSW.
|Vic||Water Act 1989||
Note: Water trading rules specific to particular water management areas are specified in some of Victoria's water management plans.
See also Victoria's Bulk Entitlements register
Water trading rules
|Qld||Water Act 2000||
Water resource planning
|SA||Natural Resources Management Act 2004
Note: Section 150 of this Act specifies rules for the transfer of water licences.
NRM Boards produce water allocation plans for the following areas:
Adelaide & Mount Lofty Ranges NRM Board for Barossa, Adelaide Plains, McLaren Vale, Western Mount Lofty
Eyre Peninsula Board for Southern Basins & Musgrave
SA Murray Darling Basin NRM Board for Eastern Mount Lofty Ranges, Mallee, Noora, Peake, Roby Sherlock, River Murray, Marne Saunders
South East NRM Board for Padthaway, Lower Limestone Coast, Tatiara, Tintinara, Morambro Creek
Northern & Yorke NRM Board for Clare, Baroota
South Australian Arid Lands NRM Board for Far North region
Note: See the section entitled ‘Transfer rules’ in your local water allocation plan.
Natural Resources Management Act 2004 and subordinate regulations
|WA||Rights in Water and Irrigation Act 1914|
Water Management Plans
|NT||Water Act 2009||Nil|
Irrigation infrastructure operator specific rules and policies
Irrigation infrastructure operators may also have separate water trading policies and rules relevant to their districts. Links to the policies and rules of the major IIOs in each jurisdiction are provided on this page where they are available on the IIOs website.
The table below outlines some of the irrigation infrastructure operator rules and policies in place for water trading.
|Jurisdiction||Organisation||IIO/water utility specific rules and policies|
|Western Murray Irrigation|
|Murrumbidgee Irrigation Limited|
|Coleambally Irrigation Cooperative Limited|
|Southern Rural Water|
|Lower Murray Water|
|SA||Central Irrigation Trust|